FERTILIZER RECOMMENDATION FOR MAJOR CROPS

 
N
P
K
PADDY (kg/ha)
          Upland(Modan)
PTB 28,29 and 30
High-yielding short duration varieties
40
60
20
30
30
30
Wet land (All regions)
High-yielding short duration varieties
High-yielding medium duration varieties
Local varieties
H4
Mashuri
70
90
40
70
50
35
45
20
45
25
35
45
20
45
25
COCONUT (Adult palm)kg/palm/annum.
General recommendation
(a) Average management
(b) Good Management
(c) For reclaimed clayey soils
      (as in Kuttanad)
0.34
0.50

0.25
0.17
0.32

0.35
0.68
1.20

0.90
Hybrid and high yielding palm
(a) For irrigated areas
(b) Rainfed
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.32
2.00
1.20
       
RUBBER
From 1st year to 4th year :-10:10:4:1.5 NPK Mg mixture at the following rates:
3rd Month
225g / plant
9th Month
450g / plant
15th Month
450g / plant
21st Month
550g / plant
27th Month
550g / plant
33rd Month
450g / plant
39th Month
450g / plant

From 5th year till tapping begins

                   12:12:12 NPK Mixture @ 125 kg /ha during April – May and September – October
                    (Where mulching was practiced during initial years)
                   15:10:6 NPK Mixture @ 200 kg /ha during April – May and September – October
                    (Where mulching was not practiced during initial years) 

Mature Rubber under tapping

                    10:10:10 NPK Mixture @ 300 kg /ha or 900 g / plant March -April
                     or 15:15:15 NPK Mixture @ 200 kg /ha
                     or 17:17:17 NPK Mixture @ 175 kg /ha
                     or 19:19:19 NPK Mixture @ 160 kg /ha

 
N
P
K
 TAPIOCA (kg per hectare)      
       H.97, H.226

75

75

75
      H.165, H.1687, H.2304
100
100
100
      M4 and Local
50
50
50
SWEET POTATO (kg/ha )
75
50
75
SESAMUM (kg/ha )
30
15
30
GROUNDNUT (kg/ha )
10
75
75
BANANA (g/plant)
      Nendran (irrigated )
190
115
300
      Palayamkoden (Rainfed)
100
200
400
      Other varieties according to soil fertility
160-200
160-200
160-400
PINEAPPLE - g/plant/year
8
4
8
                        kg/ha/year
320
160
320
MANGO ( g/tree/year )
500
360
750
SUGARCANE ( kg/ha)
Pandalam and Thiruvalla area
Chittoor area
Newly – cleared forest area
165
225
115
82.5
75
75
82.5
75
90
PEPPER (g/vine/year )
50
50
150
GINGER (kg/ha)
75
50
50
TURMERIC (kg/ha )
30
30
30
NUTMEG ( g/tree/year )
CLOVE ( g/tree/year)
CARDAMOM ( kg/ha)
CASHEW (g/tree/year)
500
300
75
750
250
250
75
325
1000
750
150
750
COCOA ( g/plant year)
       For plants yielding less than
       50 fruits per year
      For plants yielding more than 50 fruits

100
200

40
80

140
280
COLOCASIA (kg/ha)
80
50
100
AMORPHOPHALLUS ( kg/ha)
40
60
50
DIOSCOREA ( kg/ha )
80
60
80
ARECANUT (Adult palm, gram per annum)
Variety – Mangala 
(Other varieties)            

150
100
60
40
120
140
 

NUTRIENTS IN ORGANIC MANURES

 
N
P2O5
K2O
Neem cake
Coconut cake
Groundnut cake
Gingelly cake
Castor cake
Mahua cake
Farm yard manure
Compost (Rural )
Compost (Urban)
Cowdung ( fresh)
Biogas slurry
(cowdung based)
Sheep manure
Poultry manure
Bone meal
Fish meal
Meat meal
Blood (dried)
Sunhemp
Daincha
Kolinji
Sesbania
Gricidia
Paddy straw
House hold ash
Coirpith Compost
5.2
3.0
7.0
6.2
4.3
2.5
0.5-1.5
0.4-0.8
1.0-2.0
1.5

1.6-1.8
0.8-1.6
1.2-1.8
3.5
4.1
11
11.5
2.6
3.3
3.20
2.7
2.90
0.36
0.5-1.9
1.26
1.0
1.9
1.5
2.0
2.0
0.8
0.4-0.8
0.3-0.6
1.0
0.3

1.1-2.0
0.4-0.6
1.4-1.8
21
3.9
1.5
--
0.5
0.7
0.3
0.5
0.50
0.08
1.6-4.2
0.06
1.4
1.8
1.3
1.2
1.3
1.8
0.5-1.9
0.7-1.0
1.5
0.2

0.8-1.2
0.3-0.4
0.8-0.9
--
0.3
0.6
0.6
2.0
1.30
1.30
2.2
2.8
0.71
2.3-12.00
1.20

NUTRIENTS IN COMMON FERTILIZERS

Name of fertilizer
N
P2O5
K2O
Ammonium Sulphate
Ammonium Nitrate
Diammonium Phosphate
Ammonium phosphate Sulphate
Calcium Ammonium Nitrate
Urea
Super Phosphate
Rock Phosphate
Mussuriphos
Muriate of Potash
20.6
33.5
18.0
16.0
25.0
46.0
--
--
--
--
--
--
46.0
20.0
--
--
16.0
28.4
18-20
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
60

CONVERSION OF PURE NUTRIENTS TO FERTILIZERS

Quantities of fertilizers required to supply specified doses of nutrients
Rate of
application
(kg/ha)
Ammonium
sulphate
(20% N)
Urea
(46% N)
Super
Phosphate
(18% P2O5)
Muriate of Potash
(60% K2O)
10
50
22
56
17
20
100
44
112
34
30
150
66
168
51
40
200
88
224
68
50
250
110
280
85
60
300
132
336
102
70
350
154
392
119
80
400
176
448
136
90
450
198
504
153
100
500
200
560
170