CULTIVATED CROPS OF KERALA

 

Common name

Malayalam name
Botanical name
Family
       
    Cereals  

 

 

 

 

Chams

Charm

Panicum,sumatrense

Poaceae

(little millet)

 

 

 

Kodo millet

Varagu

Paspalum

Poaceae

 

 

scorbiculatum

 

Maize

Cholam

Zea mays

Poaceae

Rice

Nel!u

Owza sativa

Poaceae

Ragi (Finger millet)

Koovaraku

Eleusine coracana

Poaceae

       
    Pulses  

 

 

 

 

Black gram

Uzhunnu

Vigna mungo

Fabaceae

Cowpea

Perumpayar

Vigna unguiculata

Fabaceae

Green gram

Cherupayar

Vigna radiata

Fabaceae

Horse gram

Muthira

Macrctyloma unitlorum

Fabaceae

Red gram

Thuvarappayar

Cajanus cajan

Fabaceae

 

 

 

 

 Tubers

Colocasia

Chembu

Colocasla escu'enra

Araceae

Carret

Carrot

Daucus caiola

Apiaceae

Elephant foot Yam

Chand

Amorphophallus

Araceae

 

 

campanulatus

 

Potato

Urulakiznangu

Solanum tuberosum

Solanaceae

Radish

Mullangi

Raphanus sativus

Drassicaceae

Sweet potato

Cheenikizhangu

Ipomoea batatas

Convolvulaceae

Turnip

Seemamullangi

Brassica rapa

Bnssicaceae

Tapioca

Maracheeni

Manihot esculenta

Euphorbiaceae

Yam

Kachil

Dioscorea alata

Oioscoreaceae

     
 
Vegetables
 

 

 

 

Brinjal

Vazhuthana

Solanum melongena

Solanacceae

Tomato

Thakkali

Lycopersicum

Solanacceae

 

 

esculentum

 

Chilli

Mulaku

Capsicum annum

Soianacceae

Amaranthus

Cheers

Amaranthus spp,

Amaranthaceae

Okra

Venda

Abelmoschus

Malvaceae

 

 

esculentus

 

Bitter gourd

Paval

Momordica charantia

Cucurbitaceae

 

 

 

Bottle gourd

Churakka

Lagenaria siceraria

Cucurbitaceae

Snake gourd

Padavalam

Trichosanthes anguina

Cucurbitaceae

Ridge gourd

Peechanga

Luffa acutangula

Cucurbitaceae

Ash gourd

Kumbalam

Benincasa hispida

Cucurbitaceae

Littie gourd

Koval

Coccinia grandis

Cucurbitaceae

Sword bean

Valaringa

Canavalia gladiate

Fabaceae

French bean

Beans

Phaseolus vulgaris

Fabaceae

Beet root

Beet root

Beta vulgaris

Chenopodiaceae

Cabbage

Muttakose

Brassica oleracea

Brassicaceae

 

 

var capitata

 

Carrot

Carrot

Daucus carota

Apiaceae

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Brassica oieracea

Brassicaceae

 

 

var botrytis

 

Indian bean

Amara

Lablab purpureus

Fabaceae

Drumstick

Muringa

Moringa oleifera

Moringaceae

Musk melon

Thalkumbalam

Cucumis melo

Cucurbitaceae

Onion

Ulli

Allium cepe

Lilliaceae

Pumpkin

Mathan

Cucurbita moschata

Cucurbitaceae

Red pumpkin

Vellarimathan

Cucurbita maxima

Cucurbitaceae

       
    Fruits  

 

 

 

 

Banana

Vazha

Musa spp.

Musaceae

Bread fruit

Seemachakka

Artocarpus altilis

Moraceae

Builock's heart

Malamunthiri

Annona reticulata

Annonaceae

Cashew

Kasuvandi

Anacardium occidentale            Anacardiaceae

Sweet-sop

Seethapazham

Annona squamosa

Annonaceae

Grapes

Munthiringa

Vitis vinifera

Vitaceae

Guava

Perakka

Psidium guajava

Myrtaceae

Jack

Chakka

Artocarpus heterophyllus           Moraceae

Jujube

Elantha

Zizyphus jujuba

Rhamnaceae

Lemon

Naranga

Citrus lemon

Rutaceae

Lime

Cherunaranga

Citrus aurantitolia

Rutaceae

Mango

Manga

Mangifera indica

Anacardiaceae

Mangosteen

Mangosteen

Galcinia mangostana

Clusiaceae

Papaya

Pappakka

Carica papaya

Caricaceae

Pineapple

Kaithachakka

Ananas comosus

Bromeliaceae

 

   

 

Pomegranate

Mathalanaranga

Punica granatum

Punicaceae

Sapota

Sapota

Achras sapota

Sapotaceae

Mandarin

Orange

Citrus reticulata

Rutaceae

Pomelo

Bamplimas

Citrus decumana

Rutaceae

     
 
Condiments & Spices
 

 

 

 

Chilli

Mulaku

Capsicum annum

Solanaceae

Turmeric

Manjal

Curcuma domestica

Zingiberaceae

Coriander

Kothamalli

Coriandrum sativum

Apiaceae

Indian mustard

Kaduku

Brassica juncea

Brasslcaceae

Cumin

Jeerakam

Cuminum cyminum

Apiaceae

Pep par

Kurumulaku

Piper nigrum

Piperaceae

Garlic

Veluthulli

Allium sativum

Liliaceae

Ginger

Inchi

Zingiber officinale

Zingiberaceae

Cardamom

Etam

Elettaria cardamomum

Zingiberaceae

Long Pepper

Thippali

Piper longum

Piperaceae

Nutmeg

Jathika

Myristica fragrans

Myristicaceae

Cinnamon

Karuvapatta

Cinnamomum

Lauraceae

 

 

zeylanicum

 

Clove

Grambu

Syzygium aromaticum

Myrtaceae

Cinchona

Cinchona

Cinchona officinalis

Rubiaceae

Allspice

Allspice

Pimenta dioica

Myrtaceae

Fennel

Perumjeerakam

Foeniculum vulgare

Apiaceae

     
 
Oil Seeds
 

 

 

 

Coconut

Thenga

Cocos nucifera

Arecaceae

Sesamum

Ellu

Sesamum indicum

Pedaliaceae

Groundnut

Nilakkadala

Arachis hypogaea

Fabaceae

Indian Mustard

Kaduku

Brassica juncea

Brassicaceae

 

 

spp. juncea

 

Castor

Avanakku

Ricinus communis

Euphorbiaceae

Oil Palm

Ennappana

EJaeis guineensis

Arecaceae

     
 
Beverages
 

 

 

 

Coffee

Kappi

Coffea spp.

Rubiaceae

Tea

Theyila

Camellia sinensis

Theaceae

Cocoa

Cocoa

Theobroma cacao

Sterculiaceae

     
 
Green Manure Crops
 

 

 

 

Glyricidia

Seemakonna

Gliricidia maculata

Fabaceae

Crotalaria(Striped)

Kilukki

CraIB/aria mucranata

Fabaceae

Sunnhemp

Kattuchanambu

Crotalaria juncea

Fabaceae

Calapagonium

Calapagonium

Calapaganium

Fabaceae

 

 

mucanaides

 

Kudzuvine

Kudzu payer

Pueraria javanica

Fabaceae

Wild indigo

Kozhinji

Tephrasia purpurea

Fabaceae

     
 
Fodder Crops
 

 

 

 

Bermuda

Karuka

Cynodon dactylon

Poaceae

Napier

Napier

Pennisetum purpureum              Poaceae

Guinea

Kuthirappullu

Panicum maximum

Poaceae

Para

Parapullu

Brachiaria mutica

Poaceae

Tropical kudzu

Kudzu

Pueraria phaseolaides

Fabaceae

     
 
Other Crops
 

 

 

 

Tobacco

Pukayila

Nieatiana tabacum

Solanaceae

Betel vine

Vettila

Piper betle

Piperaceae

Arecanut

Kamuku

Areca catechu

Arecaceae

Para rubber

Rubber

Hevea brasiliensis

Euphorbiaceae

Sugarcane

Karimbu

Saccharum officina rum             Poaceae

       
    Trees  

 

 

 

 

Teak

Thekku

Teetana grandis

Verbenaceae

Ebony

Karimaram

Diaspyros ebenum

Ebenaceae

Jungle jack/Aini

Anjili

Artoearpus hirsutus

Moraceae

Poon

Kattupunna

Calophyllum

Clusiaceae

 

 

polyanthum

 

Tree of Heaven

Perumaram

Ailanthus excelsa

Simaroubaceae

Sain/Laurel

Karimaruthu

Terminalia erenulata

Combrentaceao

Kindal

Vellamaruthu

Tpaniculata

Combrentaceae

Gurjun

Vella Ayani

Dipteroearpus indieus

Dipterocarpaceae

Iron wood tree

Kadamaram

Xylia zylocarpa

Mimosaceae

Venteak

Venthekku

Lagerstroemia

Lythraceae

 

 

mieroearpa

 

Siris

Vaka

Albizia lebbeek

Fabaceae

Yellow teak

Manja Kadambu

Haldina cordifolia

Rubiaceae

Dita bark

Yezhilam pala

Alstonia scholaris

Apocynaceae

 

 

 

 

Ekadania

Mulluvenga

Bridelia squamosa

Euphorbiaceae

Mahogany

Mahagany

Swietenia mahogani

Meliaceae

Indian rose wood

Eetty

Oalbergla latifolia

Fabaceae

Jack

Plavu

Artocarpus

Moraceae

 

 

heterophyllus

 

Bead tree

Manjadi

Adenanthera pavonina

Mimosaceae

     
 
MEDICINAL PLANTS
 

 

 

 

Black Gulch

Karingali

Acacia catachu

Mimosaceae

Asparagus

Sathavari

Asparagus racemosus

Liliaceae

 

 

Varjavanicus

 

Brahmi

Neerbrahmi

Bacopa monnieria

Scrophulariaceae

Aparjit

Sankupushpam

Clitoria tematea

Fabaceae

Indian borage

NjavaralPanikoorka

Coleus amboinicus

Lamiaceae

Nut grass

Muthanga

Cyperus rotundus

Cyperaceae

Sadovani

Velipparuthy

Pergularia daemia

Asclepiadaceae

Sarivan

Orila

Oesmodium

Fabaceae

 

 

gangeticum

 

Indian sarasaparilla

Narunandi

Hemidesmus indicus

Asclepiadaceae

Pennywort

Kudangal

Centella asiatica

Apiaceae

Kachura

Kacholam

Kaempferia galanga

Zingiberaceae

Neem

Veppu

Azadirchta indica

Meliaceae

Holybasil

Thulasi

Ocimum sanctum

Lamiaceae

Jaramala

Keezharnelli

Phyllanthus fratemus

uphorbiaceae

Long Pepper

Thippali

Piper longum

Piperaceae

 

Moovila

Pseudarthria viscida

Fabaceae

Rauvolfia

Sarpagandhi

Rauvolfia serpentina

Apocynaceae

Garden Rue

Sathappu/Arutha

Auta graveolens

Rutaceae

Sida

Kurumthotti

Sida rhombifolia

Malvaceae

Gulancha (Hindi Name)

Chittamruthu

Tmospora cordifolia

Menispermaceae

Antamul (Hindi Name)

Vallippala

Tylophora indica

Asclepiadaceae

Khas.khas

Ramacham

Vetiveria zizanioides

Poaceae

Nirgandi (Hindi Name)

Karinochi

Vitex negundo

Verbenaceae

Asgand (Hindi Name)

Amukuram

Withania somnifera

Solanaceae

Baloonvine

Uzhinja

Cardiospermum

Sapendaceae

 

 

helicacabum